Young children with speech and language delay/disorders in the preschool years may be at increased risk for learning disabilities once they reach school age. Children with both speech sound disorders and language impairment are at the greatest risk for language-based learning disabilities (eg, difficulties in reading and written language). The risk of poor reading outcomes in grade school is estimated to be 4 to 5 times higher in children with speech and language impairments than in their typically developing peers. Behavior and impaired psychosocial adjustments that can also be associated with speech and language delays or disorders. Seeking out early intervention by identifying and treating speech and language delays and disorders enables initiation of early intervention before children enter school and problems interfere with formal education and behavioral adjustment.